Insemination is a relatively non-invasive fertility treatment, as the doctor simply inserts a healthy sperm through a very thin, flexible catheter into the uterine cavity, thus reducing the time and distance that the sperm must be transferred to fertilize the egg.
It is usually used when the man has a low sperm count or reduced sperm motility, but it can also help those who suffer from unexplained infertility, endometriosis or cervical mucus issues, but it also helps same-sex couples.
For a better chance of success, the insemination should be done immediately after ovulation. Ovulation is usually between 12 and 16 days after the period – if you have a normal menstrual cycle. Ovulation days change if the period is irregular. For best results, mild ovarian stimulation may be performed to produce more than one egg and regular vaginal ultrasound monitors egg development.
The sperm is prepared for insemination by selecting well-moving and well-formed sperm, which are transferred to a special nutrient fluid so that they can then be transported by the doctor inside the uterus.
The insemination procedure only takes 5 minutes, you do not need anesthesia, and it is similar to a Pap test. Insemination is not painful, but some women may experience mild cramps.
It is called homologous when the sperm of the partner / spouse is used and heterologous when the sperm of an anonymous donor is used.