When the quantity and quality of a man’s sperm is not appropriate, then the fertilization of an egg goes through various methods, one of which is insemination.
The goal, of course, is to achieve fertilization and, in the final stage, to conceive a strong fetus.
This is one of the most economical solutions, which has no limits on the number of attempts and its success is the same as the other methods.
The method of insemination is suitable for those women who ask to receive a sperm donor and are under the age of 35 years.
Also, those women who have cervical mucus problems, or other mild relative infertility problems, or inability to conceive for independent reasons, despite unrestricted sexual intercourse for at least a year.
Insemination is followed when there is evidence and often evidence of male infertility, due to low sperm count or reduced motility.
The same method is followed by the treating physician, when the woman has an irregular period and vague cycles.
The insemination is as follows:
The properly prepared sperm is placed with the help of a very thin syringe in a catheter. A microscope is then inserted into the woman’s vagina, leaving the cervix visible.
The catheter with the properly prepared sperm is inserted in the depth of the uterus, through the cervix. The sperm ascends to the fallopian tubes, traveling their way to the area where the egg is located.
In this way, a respectable number of moving and healthy sperm are in the right area to be in the right place and one of them to fertilize the egg.
Sperm is collected by masturbation, either in the laboratory, in a well-designed space, or at home, if this is not more than an hour away.
And this, because the sperm, must come on the one hand after a few days of sexual abstinence on the other hand, to remain fresh. Its peculiarity is that it is not preserved in a natural environment for more than 24 hours.
The process of insemination
The insemination process does not take more than 2.5 minutes. 1.5 minutes to place the catheter with the material in the uterus and one minute to withdraw.
Usually the woman does not feel more discomfort than she would feel if she was smeared for a standard Pap test. It is possible to see some blood after insemination and this is perfectly normal.
After completing the procedure, she stays lying down for about half an hour and then she can go to work and follow her daily routine.
It is not necessary to abstain from sexual activity, as is the case with other IVF methods. What needs to be ensured is that the woman feels comfortable and without feeling stressed.
In order for insemination to be as successful as possible, it must be as close as possible to ovulation, whether it occurs in a normal environment or has been induced by drugs to increase follicular production.
Insemination is performed six hours before or after ovulation.
Of course, sperm also has its degrees, which differ from man to man.
The most processed sperm should be available at least half an hour before insemination.
The semen is processed as follows.
It is taken in a sterile container. The active motor sperm stand out from the rest of the semen. Leukocytes, other germ cells and oxygen free radicals are mainly removed. Thus, its quality is improved and especially its ability to induce fertilization.
The separation is done by placing the sperm in special vials and placed in a centrifuge.
Insemination is followed not only when there is a problem with the quality of the sperm, but also when there is a problem with the cervical mucus.
The eggs that are fertilized are from one to three, in order to ensure more chances of success.
As for the woman’s side, in order for the insemination to be successful, it is a condition that her fallopian tubes remain in good condition, especially open, something that can be seen with the hysterosalpingography.
In this way, the meeting of the egg with the sperm is ensured.