Hysteroscopy is an operation performed to record the condition of the endometrial cavity, ie the inside of the uterus.
It is a method that has absolute accuracy and reliability, both diagnostic and therapeutic.
That is, the treating physician, at the time he will diagnose a problem, can make a therapeutic move so that there is no other problem.
The method is suitable for uterine bleeding, to find out what is causing them or in cases of heavy period.
These problems may be due to hormonal imbalance or the presence of fibroids, ie benign tumors, or the presence of polyps.
It is not uncommon for hysteroscopy to bring to the surface problems of adhesions from previous surgeries, especially when they become obstructed near the fallopian tubes causing a painful period, or postmenstrual bleeding.
Hysteroscopy detects uterine bleeding, or any problems that occur when a woman has persistent miscarriages or pelvic pain.
By hysteroscopy it is also removed in the contraceptive coil.
At the same time, the cervical area is checked to rule out polyps or scars or fibroids or adhesions or even inflammation.
It is one of the least invasive methods, does not cause incisions and stitches and lasts a few minutes.
The postoperative pain is from minimal to negligible.
The woman returns to her activities the same day or the next day without further disturbance.
To perform hysteroscopy with special fluids, the endometrial cavity is dilated and a hysteroscope with a diameter of 3 to 10 mm at an angle of up to 30 degrees examines the inside of the uterus.
From there come subtle tools connected to a cold light source, with a special fiber optic cable for more accurate image capture.
The image comes on a computer screen and the doctor makes the necessary movements.
Sometimes it cauterizes and cuts a fibroid or a polyp or corrects the adhesions with a knife.
Invasive hysteroscopy or electrodiathermia is also indicated for cases of endometrial cancer.
It is a method that goes beyond hysterosalpingography and helps with dysfunctional menorrhagia.
Complications are extremely rare but not non-existent and consist of cervical injuries, or some perforation of the uterus mainly due to the blind entrance of the hysteroscope.
The polyps are cut with a laser scissors and the area is cauterized to prevent bleeding.
As an operation it is very often combined with laparoscopy, especially when the problems are complex.
The investigation of any problems is done because there is often a problem or bleeding or pain in the pelvis, but mainly a problem of infertility and consequently difficulty in conceiving and conceiving a healthy fetus.
Very often, fibroids and polyps can lead to miscarriages and then their removal is required to pave the way for a normal pregnancy.
In all cases the patient leaves the hospital the next day or in the afternoon of the same day.
It is typical that the product of any removal is given for biopsy.
But there are also serious contraindications.
The method is not used when there is an ongoing pregnancy or when there is an infection in the area of the vagina or urinary tract.
When it comes to the best time for surgery, gynecological surgeons converge in the first days after the end of menstruation.
The preparation requires the patient not to have eaten or drank anything for at least 8 hours before the operation due to the anesthesia he will receive.
In addition, it is recommended to take antibiotics two days before the operation.
The operation does not last more than 30 minutes and as it was emphasized, it is painless.
At the same time, there is a case of small bleeding for one to two days after the operation. Something that is considered completely normal and within the framework of the operation.
Hysteroscopy is an operation performed in organized hospitals and not in the doctor’s office.
It has solved the hands of doctors and patients with chronic problems and especially when infertility problems arise.
The important thing is that from the moment there is a diagnosis, the operation must be done.
Mainly so that there are no other malignancies that are definitely considered more painful.
In all cases, an annual check-up at the gynecologist is the best guarantee for endometrial health.